¶ Writing Paragraphs
A paragraph is a group of sentences about one topic. Most paragraphs have a topic sentence that states the main point and several sentences that explain, illustrate, or prove it. The five most common paragraph structures can be seen as shapes in which the widest part is the topic sentence.
Type 1: The Upside Down Triangle
Topic Sentence first (most common)
- Just as the triangle tapers off to a point, the paragraph tapers from the main idea to supporting details.
- This is most often used in informative writing. The author states a general idea and then develops it with detailed information.
Niagara Falls has an irresistible lure for daredevils. A motley procession of foolhardy men have dared death by dancing above the chasm on a tightrope or plunging over the cataract in a barrel. Others have tried to swim the current and to shoot the rapids in boats.
Type 2: The Triangle
Topic Sentence last (second-most common)
- In this paragraph structure, authors present details first and then make the more general statement about the topic.
- Authors most often use this paragraph structure for one of three purposes:
- To organize the details into a summary statement,
- To present convincing details that lead readers to accept a more general claim than they might otherwise, or
- To create suspense as they build to a climax.
Costs were low that year and output was high. There was a good man for every job and the market remained firm. There were no losses by fire. All in all, it was the best year in the company’s history.
Type 3: The Diamond
The second sentence is the topic sentence
- The first sentence most often serves as a transition. All other sentences develop the general idea expressed in the second sentence.
- Authors use this structure for one of three reasons:
- To vary their style,
- To provide a smooth transition from the last paragraph, or
- To point out the relationship between ideas presented previously and those presented in this paragraph.
There are deer in abundance here. The whole area is great country for hunters and fishermen. There are bear, occasional mountain lions and coyotes. To the east the streams are full of trout and there are ducks, geese and a few pheasants.
Type 4: The Hourglass
First and last sentences are topic sentences
Authors use this paragraph structure for one of two purposes:
- To emphasize or clarify an important idea, in which case the two topic sentences make similar statements, or
- To present two opinions, to point out advantages and disadvantages or to show how two things are similar and/or different, in which case there is usually a signal word that alerts the reader to a change in perspective.
Example of First Purpose:
Glaciers change the surface of the earth. They grind heavily as they move slowly along, much like fresh cement creeping down a gentle slope. They dig great holes in the sides of mountains and rub away the faces of rocks. A glacier pushes masses of loose soil and rock ahead of it. The loose soil and rocks form ridges when the ice melts or stops moving. A moving glacier also makes a valley wider as it pushes down through it. The earth looks quite different after a glacier has passed by.
Example of Second Purpose:
Penicillin is one of the greatest wonder drugs. It has saved thousands of lives already and will save many more in the future. But it has no effect whatever on the bulk of the ills of man and beast. Good as penicillin is, it is certainly not a cure-all.
Type 5: The Square
There is no topic sentence
- All sentences contribute to the main idea which the author expects the reader to provide.
- This type of paragraph structure is used most often to describe, to list, or to show the sequence of events.
The range of the Mule Deer is usually east of the Sierra Nevadas. It is the largest of the North American deer, sometimes weighing almost 400 pounds. The name has been given to the species because of the long ears and the mule-like tail. Owing to its rather large antlers, it is a valuable game animal.
The person who loves you now, at this very moment in time, at this particular juncture in space, once loved someone else before you, and you have to be okay with that. You have to be okay with all the previous mouths they’ve kissed or put their tongues into, all the names they’ve pronounced dozens of times until they got them just right. You have to be okay with those things, and with the beds they’ve slept in that were not their own, with the hands they held and the bodies they explored, even the awkward first dates they went on filled with so much tension it couldn’t have been sliced even with a butcher knife.
Because the thing is, the person who loves you now was a different person entirely before they were with you. Every passageway hidden inside their body was lit differently; every corridor inside their brain was traveled by new thoughts. Their synapses were firing with another kind of love, a love unique to this person and their significant other. If all the different kinds of love in the world were bottled up in tiny vials like perfume or shots of alcohol, there would be millions. Billions, even. Trillions. Because what’s love for one person, is something else entirely to another. So the person who loves you now- they once held a bottle of another color, size, shape, you name it, in their hands, right over their heart.
But that doesn’t mean that you have to try to find this vial, wherever it’s residing currently, and smash it open till all the love pours out in a thick stream, just so you can fill yours with the same kind of love. It doesn’t mean that. In fact, it’s better if you don’t, because what the person who loves you now had with their previous lover can never be replicated. It would be wrong to steal a feeling like that and try to make it your own.
The body is basically a mosaic. Every inch of it- veins, lungs, liver, fingernails- is filled with different memories and experiences. It’s a collage of so many things. If you aren’t okay with the person who loves you now, loving someone else before you, then essentially you’re not okay with all the shards nestled beneath their skin that are made up of this previous lover. Essentially, you’re not okay with some of their pieces, and without those pieces, they wouldn’t be whole. You can’t be with a broken shell of a person, or a half skeleton, or a mosaic missing its most basic parts.
You have to learn to say yes to the entire person, not just the parts of them you wish were yours. The person you love now isn’t a computer chip whose electrical wiring and circuits can be deleted or removed at will. So treat them like every single shard and scar and word is necessary, because, well, it is.
And it can be so hard to lie awake at night while your partner is asleep, tracing the curves of their back and counting the names of their exes instead of sheep. If you’re looking for a cure for insomnia, that’s certainly not going to help. It’s difficult, yes, as difficult as crawling through a hurricane or pulling yourself from the wreckage of a splintered ship lost in the middle of the water, but you have to stop thinking about everyone who loved the person who now loves you, and who they loved before you. The past can’t be changed, only less thought of.
Besides, think of it this way- who you go home to at night, who you wake up to in the morning, who you hold like a tidal wave, who you’d rather lie next to than get up- they’re made up of everyone before them. They’re made up of all this previous love, all these different kinds of love, a multitude of different loves and first and last dates, a plethora of hugs and stargazings and the first time they were ever told or said “I love you.” With all that love buried deep within the basement of their heart, they’ve been taught how to be prepared for you. All their previous lovers were just preparing them for loving you. They’ve been taught so well, by some of the best teachers. It’s okay to be the recipient of someone else’s lesson. Remember that.
The person who loves you now, right now- who even as you read this might be touching your neck in that way they do, or smiling at you from across the room, or wishing they could bed you right then and there- they loved someone else before you. And you have to be okay with that, you do.
Because the fact that they love you now, despite loving someone else beforehand, means that you’re pretty damn special.
My boyfriend of over 2 years sent me a game over skype. He said he wants to try and make Pokemon games since I play them so much. I opened it up and was super excited.
It seemed really well done and was super ready to start on my adventure!
He left a lot of cute notes and tips around town.
He remembered my favorite Kanto starter.<3
I was surprised it ran pretty well. I went on my journey and leveled up my Pokemon!
He showed me support and encouragement through a ton of NPC dialogue.
Then as im ending the game I come across this.